This booklet is geared toward readers and researchers who're drawn to chinese language backyard structure, the increase and fall of Yuanming Yuan and the heritage of the Qing dynasty. it's the first entire research of the palatial backyard complicated in a Western language, and is abundantly illustrated with images and unique drawings. Young-tsu Wong s enticing writing kind brings "the backyard of excellent brightness" to lifestyles as he leads readers on a grand journey of its structure and history.
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Additional resources for A Paradise Lost: The Imperial Garden Yuanming Yuan (China Academic Library)
However the final result of Wang’s disagreeable suggestion didn't deter different o‰cials from talking straightforwardly. The censor Xue Minggao reminded the throne that the go back of His Majesty to the Yuanming Yuan for normal residing will require colossal renovations, costing an insufferable amount of cash during this time of significant di‰culty. Displeased as he was once, Xianfeng argued that he had no goal of looking own excitement within the backyard. as an alternative, the friendly backyard setting will be worthy for his behavior of country a¤air for the period of trouble. additionally, none of his predecessors were absent from the imperial backyard as long as he have been. for this reason, he wanted for either the mandarins and the folk to appreciate his devotion to the lively army campaigns opposed to the rebels and to determine that his functionality shouldn't be judged by means of the place he used to be to reside. Having justiﬁed his go back to the Yuanming Yuan, the emperor rejected the censor’s implication of his self-indulgence. fake accusation of the throne can be a critical o¤ense. The censor was once later accused of ﬁshing for reputation and popularity through having devoted an injustice to His Majesty. He was once therefore topic to a “proper research and punishment,” although maintaining his o‰ce. (YMYA 1991, 1:544–545). Whoever brought on a ﬁre, despite the fact that by chance, used to be completely investigated for accountability. planned arson, even though infrequently taking place within the Yuanming Yuan, was once one of the main severe crimes. Even those that seemed much less inventive in combating or ﬁghting ﬁres have been topic to punishment. a few eunuchs have been disciplined in February 1756 simply because ﬁre by chance broke out on the convenience hotel lower than Spring Roof two times inside a couple of days whereas they have been on accountability. while the research made up our minds that the eunuch Yang Ming were smoking whereas sweeping the second one ground of the summer time chamber and most likely triggered the ﬁres, the eunuch used to be banished into servitude within the distant Manchurian frontier close to the Amur River. Cao Yushan, the eunuch who had followed Yang at the moment ground, used to be additionally banished, notwithstanding to a much less harsh position, for failing to prevent his fellow employee from smoking whereas on responsibility. either eunuchs’ manager, Yang Jinchao, used to be in charge of negligence and was once sentenced to 2 months within the cangue, 100 strokes, and an task of challenging hard work. The eunuchs of nonetheless greater ranks, Li Yu and Chen Jinzhong, each one paid a ﬁne of an annual stipend for his or her percentage of the accountability for the ﬁre incidents. on-site employees who had taken transitority assignments somewhere else throughout the nights of the ﬁres have been spared for his or her absence (YMYA 1991, 1:76–78). the particular lifestyles of crew accountability in those situations underlined the seriousness of ﬁre. After having rigorously guarded opposed to ﬁre dangers for greater than a century, the Yuanming Yuan used to be ﬁnally burned to the floor in 1860. The imperial backyard subdued lower than the wrath of aggression and defeat. The perpetrators have been the effective enemies, and either the imperial capital and the imperial backyard have been at their mercy.